Poles and Stability of Feedback System

Snapshot of the front panel of the simulator:

Description of the simulated system

In this simulator a feedback system, namely a control system, is simulated. The controller is a P controller. The front panel of the simulator shows a block diagram of the control system.

It can be shown that the transfer funcion from setpoint ymSP to process measurement ym is

ym(s)/ymSP(s) = [Hc(s)Hp(s)]/[1 + Hc(s)Hp(s)]

= Kp/(s3+2s2 + s + Kp)

= Kp/a(s)

where a(s) is the characteristic polynomial.

The stability property of the feedback system can be determined from the poles, which are the roots of the characteristic equation:

a(s) = s3+2s2 + s + Kp = 0

In the simulator the controller gain Kp can be adjusted in real time, and the response in the process measurement and the poles are shown.


The aim of this simulator is to observe the connection between stability and pole placement.


  1. From the poles, which are displayed on the front panel of the simulator, for which values of the controller gain Kp (both negative and positive values Kp should be investigated) the feedback system is
    • asymptotically stable
    • marginally stable
    • unstable
  2. Select one Kp value for each of the three cases described above. For each such Kp: Does the step response confirm the stability property as determined by pole placement? (Apply a step at the setpoint.)

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Updated 18 October 2017. Developed by Finn Haugen. E-mail: finn@techteach.no.